Know C_{s} = q / (DT
mass)

Exo & endothermic

Construct a heating curve, maybe.

Use Hess’ Law to add reactions.

Use Heats of Formation to calculate standard enthalpy changes

Calculate ppm

Vocabulary: molar solubility, supersaturated

Dynamic equilibrium.

Factors affecting solubility: high charges tend to be insoluble

Like dissolves like. How does soap work? Hydrophobic, hydrophilic

(Skip section 12.5 on colloids)

Given:

Henry’s Law: *S* = *k*_{H} × *P*;
be able to use to predict solubilities

Know how temperature affects solubility (no simple relation)

Process of dissolution:
visualize in three steps; calculate in two using D*H*_{sol} = D*H*_{lattice}
+ D*H*_{hydration}

Account for trends in ion hydration enthalpies

Describe a process in terms of disorder.

Given:

Raoult’s Law: *P* = *x*_{solvent} × *P*_{pure}

F. P. Depression: D*T*
= *ik*_{f} × molality

*P = iRT* × molarity

Be able to calculate molar mass using last two equations.