Know Cs = q / (DT mass)
Exo & endothermic
Construct a heating curve, maybe.
Use Hess’ Law to add reactions.
Use Heats of Formation to calculate standard enthalpy changes
Vocabulary: molar solubility, supersaturated
Factors affecting solubility: high charges tend to be insoluble
Like dissolves like. How does soap work? Hydrophobic, hydrophilic
(Skip section 12.5 on colloids)
Henry’s Law: S = kH × P; be able to use to predict solubilities
Know how temperature affects solubility (no simple relation)
Process of dissolution: visualize in three steps; calculate in two using DHsol = DHlattice + DHhydration
Account for trends in ion hydration enthalpies
Describe a process in terms of disorder.
Raoult’s Law: P = xsolvent × Ppure
F. P. Depression: DT = ikf × molality
P = iRT × molarity
Be able to calculate molar mass using last two equations.